A Trip Through Xīnán 西南 - The southwest of the People's Republic of China - spillerphoto

A Trip Through Xīnán 西南 - The southwest of the People's Republic of China

‘Xīnán southwest China

Chongqing 重庆 – the mega city

Our trip started on the 27.06.2016 from Nanchong in Sichuan with a 2 hours HSR (High Speed ​​Rail) train ride to Chongqing. The city is also reachable through the international airport or by HSR from Chengdu. Because surprised by the size of the city I checked the internet. There I learned that Chongqing is the largest city of the world. Chongqing which is quite unknown outside of China has approximately the size of Austria and a population of unbelievable 35 million inhabitants. Usually the weather is subtropical hot and humid. But luckily we arrived there on a rainy day. We spent only one and a half day in the city and visited the old loading docks at the Yantze river and the Hongyadong Riverside Block. The latter one is a business block and scenic spot. It's built on mountains by the "stilted building" of Chinese traditional architecture features.

Zhazidong prison

The next day we took a taxi to the Zhazidong prison, a must visit place for domestic Chinese tourists due to the historical importance. Original a coal mine, the site of Zhazidong Prison was covertly set up in 1943 by the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) with the help of the Sino-American Cooperation Organization (SACO). The prison is located in the Gele Mountains where communists were massacred and tortured by Nationalist Party during the Chinese Civil War between 1945 and 1949.

In the evening we took a walk through the city. Almost in all cities in China I really love the fact that elderly people enjoy every evening dancing, playing music, gym and other activities. They are doing their exercise in huge groups at public places instead of staying alone at home.

Kunming 昆明- the spring city

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Yunnan Ethnic Village

After, we took a taxi and drove to the Yunnan Ethnic Village. The park is an ethnographic display of the architecture and ways of life of Yunnan's minority population. The park itself was quiet with not so much activity and visitors. However, it was very relaxing doing a walk there in the beautiful nature without too many people around.

We finished the day with a walk to the nearby Dianchi Lake, the “Pearl of the Plateau” and a trip with a cable car to the Western Hills. These hills stretch along the west bank of the lake, creating a lovely view of water, mountain, and sky.

Train Trip

As a former train driver and still employee of the German railway – DB Engineering and Consulting, I enjoy always using the train. Especially sleeping trains are a really comfortable and reasonable way of transport in China. Therefore, we took the night train from Kunming to Dali arriving early morning after a seven-hour trip. The train station is located in the new town which requires a taxi to bring us to old Dali, several kilometers away.

Dali 大理古城 – the historic city

The taxi driver recommended us a hotel which turned to be out brand new for a very reasonable price of only 100 RMB per night The Dali area was formerly known as Jumie. The present old town was organized in the late 14th century under the Hongwu Emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Although a little bit tired, I couldn't wait to see the old town and begged my wife to go for a walk with me. After a minute's view we reached the city wall with a nearby monastery. Luckily we arrived in Dali exactly on the day where local women from the city and surrounding villages having their annual celebration of the monastery.

Annual Monastery Celebrations

Everywhere around the monastery people in their colorful traditional dresses could be seen dancing and making music with old Chinese instruments. The monastery itself was covered in big clouds of smoke which burned in the eyes. The some was caused by women putting paper in fireplaces and lighting smoke sticks to thank for the past and for good luck in the coming year. In a corner of the monastery one man was blowing a traditional trumpet. From time to time a small orchestra of about 10 people started playing the typical Tibetan music with mainly percussions and catcall flute sounds. Slightly tired and overwhelmed of the scene, it took some time until I could dive fully into the crowd to see with the lens of my camera.

The whole city Dali was occupied by mostly elderly women and men singing and dancing anywhere where enough space was available.

As very common in China at touristic locations, the main road was crowded and full of shops offering souvenirs and food. However, the number of people was still much less compared to the masses traveling during the national holidays. It is highly recommended to travel in China outside the national public holidays. During the holidays it feels that whole China is traveling and everything is overcrowded. This also has an impact on the prices for transport and accommodation.

The three Pagodas of Dali

On our last (very rainy) day in Dali we did a walk to the three pagodas. To attract more tourists, a whole new park and monastery has been built around the pagodas. Since the rain didn't stop and the whole area gave us more or less the feeling of being somehow a fake, we decided to walk back to the city. We enjoyed the remaining time by walking to the streets and capturing the street life. In the evening we took the sleeping bus to Shangri-La. The first time that I took such a bus.

Adventure Sleeping Bus

Already by entering the bus I felt that the interior dimensions were based on the average of a Chinese. With 1.93m being the contrary, I just fit through the corridor to reach my approx. 1.70m long bed. However, since the 5 hours' ride wasn't so long and laying was better than sitting. I enjoyed the new experience. If you are ever planning to take an overland bus to travel in China, try to avoid toilets at the locations the bus is doing stops. Usually, bus drivers are having some deals with local farmers which are providing very basic and unfortunately mostly very dirty washroom facilities.My advice: stay away (if possible)

Shangri-La (Zhongdian) 香格里拉 – the lost horizon

We arrived in Shangri-La (Xiānggélǐlā; formerly Zhongdian 中甸 in Chinese, known as Gyalthang in Tibetan) at 2:00 am. and checked-in in a hotel. The hotel was located close to the old city center where most parts have been destroyed in 2014 by a huge fire. Luckily, most of it was already repaired and/or rebuilt. In the second half of the 20th century Shangri-La was called Zhongdian. It was renamed on 17 December 2001 as Shangri-La after the fictional land of Shangri-La in the 1933 James Hilton novel Lost Horizon, in an effort to promote tourism in the area. Same as in Dali, the old town is full of souvenirs and food shops. The architecture of the typical big local houses with their massive wooden beams is more than impressive.

The first thing we did after my wife recovered from the impact of the height, was a visit of the Tibetan Buddhist Ganden Sumtsenling Monastery located 5 km away, also known as Sungtseling and Guihuasi. Built in 1679, the monastery is the largest Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Yunnan province. It is sometimes referred to as the Little Potala Palace. Rewarded by an amazing view it took us some time to climb up the stairs to the monastery because of the height of about 3,200 m. Gold plated roofs, and statues as well as colorful pennants and paintings are visible everywhere in the monastery. As per Buddhism believing, walking through the halls has to be done clockwise only.

Blue Mountains

The next day we took a taxi to the nearby blue mountains where a cable car brings you up to the hill to a height of 4,500 m. Since the height could be problematic a can of oxygen which can be bought at local stores is very advisable.

The cable car as well as the touristic facilities gave the impression that the peak of touristic activities was some years back. The same we experienced at the Xiagei Hot Springs with the nearby natural rock bridge. However, both are worth to visit and the view from the mountain into the large green valley was simply amazing.

After we returned from the mountain we decided to walk back to the city instead of taking the public bus for only 1 RMB. Our way led us through a village where we had the chance to drink Tibetan tea, made out of yak butter and tea, which was served together with a local pancake.

We continued our walk to places where locals offered horse riding and other traditional activities. Even the green of the grass seemed to be more green than else where.

Short after we had been on the road again, we got picked up by a local with his car who just finished his work and brought us back to our hotel. Our last day we rented an electric car – as far as you can call the vehicle a car.

Not having a Chinese driving license, I thought this would be the safest way to visit close by areas without being dependent on public transport. And indeed the vehicle brought us save to the Xiagei hot springs with the natural bridge formation and a huge green valley with a lake and grazing yaks.

Chengdu 成都 – home of the Pandas

With our flight the next day back to Chengdu our trip through Xīnán was almost over Since Chengdu airport is my usual gate to China, I already know most of the places in the city. However, before taking the train back to Nanchong we spent another day visiting the Wenshu Yuan Monastery and Jinli pedestrian street. The latter one is always a good spot for street photography.

General Information


Hotels in China are quite reasonable. If you don't need a five-star resort and happy with a clean room and bed, you usually find hotels in the price range from 100 RMB – 250 RMB per night. It's common in China that you can check the room before the actual booking to ensure that it suits your expectations. We got the best value for the money in Dali while we experienced the friendliest hotel owners in Shangri La. Due to security reasons, a passport is always required for booking train, bus or air tickets as well as in hotels.


Taxis are always a good way to travel in cities beside other means of public transport. While taxis are usually equipped with taximeters, caps in Kunming and Dali might be not equipped and the price needs to be negotiated with the driver. Trips on the Chinese railway are a very comfortable and reasonable means of transport. HSR, sleeping/night trains and normal trains are usually clean and punctual. It's recommended to book hard-sleeper compartments, which are equipped with padded berths (six to a compartment), sheets and a blanket. Since the majority of Chinese does not speak English, a Chinese tour guide or even better a Chinese friend is more than helpful. Never ever book holidays during the time of public Chinese holidays. Everything will be overcrowded and getting tickets for hotels or transport will be very challenging and expensive.


There is an amazing variety of food available on the streets and don't be afraid if the cleanliness is not matching western standards. In fact I never had a problem with the food beside that it was sometimes really spicy. It burned twice. If you don't try the street kitchens, you'll miss a great Chinese experience. I highly recommend noodles, barbeque and in Shangri-La the yak pizza and butter tea. The butter tea was very tasty and you need of course to dry the national dish hot pot.

Taking photos

Taking photos of people was in general no problem at all. The only difficulty I faced was to hide myself in the crowd as a tall westerner surrounded by only Chinese. People approached me asking if they can take a photo with me – the stranger from abroad. Especially the younger generation likes to practice their English knowledge since they usually don't have many opportunities.

A word about my equipment

I was unsure by leaving my Leica M9 at home but the Leica Q turned to be out the perfect photographic tool. I couldn't resist and also brought two film cameras, the ARAX 60 and Leica M6. Being light and compact, I had the flexibility to use the EVF where I had the time for proper framing. In situations where there was no time to move the camera to the eye I used the LCD. The lighting fast autofocus was my insurance for sharp images and made my work much easier. The Q did a fantastic job as a camera for street, landscape and even for portraits.

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